Образование: высшее лингвистическое
Специальность: лингвист, переводчик
Преподает с 2014 года
Виктория окончила Южный федеральный университет в Ростове-на-Дону по
специальности «Перевод и переводоведение» в 2015 году, на последнем курсе начала
преподавать детям. Работает частным репетитором и письменным переводчиком.
работе с детьми и взрослыми Виктория применяет индивидуальный подход к ученику в
зависимости от его желаний и целей. На занятиях использует комплексную методику
преподавания с применением современных учебных материалов иностранных
издательств, а также онлайн ресурсов. Педагог уделяет внимание коммуникативным
навыкам и грамматическим аспектам языка. Виктория считает, что многие люди
рассматривают своего любимого учителя как источник вдохновения. «Как учитель, вы
больше чем просто педагог: вы наставник и друг.»
Present Perfect vs.Past Simple (B1)
We use the Past Simple for finished past actions when we say, ask or know when they happened. We often use a past time expression, e.g. yesterday, last week, in 2016, etc.
I didn’t have time to do my homework yesterday.
Did you see the match? (They both know it was last night)
What time did you wake up this morning? (It’s evening now)
1. We use the Present Perfect for past experiences, when we don’t say exactly when they happened. We often use ever and never when we ask or talk about past experiences. They go before the main verb. /
Sally has never met Bill’s ex-wile.
Have you ever lost your credit card?
2. We use the Present Perfect for recent past actions, often with just, which goes before the main verb.
I’ve cut my finger!
Too late! Our train has just left!
3. We also use the Present Perfect with yet and already for emphasis.
• already is used in (+) sentences, goes before the main verb and is translated as уже in Russian.
I’ve already seen this film twice.
• yet is used with (-) and (?) sentences. It goes at the end of the phrase and is translated as еще in (-) or уже in (?) sentences.
My brother hasn’t found a new job yet.
Have you read the newspaper yet?
I went there in 1998. (= on a specific occasion)
I bought it last Saturday. (= I say when)
I’ve been to Madrid twice. (= in my life up to now)
I’ve bought a new computer. (= I don’t say exactly when, where, etc.)
a) Do we use the Present Perfect (PP) or Past Simple (PS)...?
1. for a finished action in the past -
2. for recent actions when we don’t ask or say exactly when -
3. in sentences with just, yet and already –
b) Complete the dialogues with the correct form of the verbs in brackets.
A How long have you been (you / be) married?
B Twenty-two years! Maxine and I _____ (have) our wedding anniversary three weeks ago.
A Where _____ (you / meet)? At university?
B No, it _____ (be) long before that. Actually, we _____ (go) to the same school. We _____ (know) each other for a long time. What about you?
A I'm divorced. I _____ (get) divorced a year ago.
B How long _____ (you / be) married?
A Just a couple of years.
B So, you're on your own now?
A Yes, but I _____ (just / meet) someone new and I really like her.
с) Right or wrong? Correct the wrong sentences.
1. e.g. Did your sister pay you back yet? (wrong) – Has your sister paid you back yet?
2. How much has your new camera cost?
3. Dean has just inherited €5,000 from a relative.
4. We booked our holiday online a month ago.
5. When have you bought that leather jacket?
6. We haven’t paid the gas bill yet.
7. Have you ever wasted a lot of money on something?
8. I'm sure I haven't borrowed any money from you last week.
9. I spent my salary really quickly last month.
10. Have you seen the Batman film on TV yesterdav?
d) Choose the correct answer.
1. They have charged / charged us too much for our meal last night.
2. Rachel wants to buy a flat, but she hasn’t saved / didn't save enough money yet.
3. Paul hasn't inherited / didn't inherit anything from his grandmother when she died.
4. I can’t pay you back. I haven't been / didn’t go to the cash machine yet.
5. How much has your TV cost / did your TV cost?
6. Have you paid / Did you pay your father back yet?
7. I haven't had / didn't have any coins, so I couldn't put any money in the parking meter.
8. Have you ever invested / Did you ever invest any money in a company?
9. My girlfriend has a really well-paid job. She has earned / earned €45,000 last year.